The venerable Hanseatic and university town of Greifswald on the eponymous Bodden was built around 1199 built Cistercian monastery Eldena. 1250 Greifswald was awarded the Lübeck law, became a member of the Hanseatic League and was shortly thereafter the right to defend itself.
In 1456, Mayor Heinrich Rubenow founded the University, the second oldest in Northern Germany. This quickly became the cultural center of Pomerania and shapes nowadays Thanks to its 11,800 students both the pulse and the rhythm of the city. The center of Greifswald constitutes the market with the medieval town hall from the 14th century. Also in this century comes the Marienkirche with its huge, rib-vaulted brick hall. Originally in the 13th century. Consummate Dom St. Nikolai was expanded in the late 14th century. To its present size of almost 100 meters. Inside the cathedral Gothic frescoes have been preserved from the period 1420-1450, a rise in the tower is of course possible.
The Pomeranian State Museum is located directly on the marketplace and known far beyond the country's borders. On 4 June 2005 the whole, consisting of 6 houses and 4 outside facilities means the public has been passed, and it includes numerous paintings of the born in Greifswald painter Caspar David Friedrich. He gave his works also the impetus for the conservation of the ruins of the former Cistercian monastery Eldena.
The landmark of the fishing village Wiek east of the city at the mouth of the river Ryck is a beautiful Dutch bascule bridge of 1887th Furthermore, to discover old fishermen and captains' houses and a kilometer-long marina.